Hypertension – The silent killer that looms

29 Jun 2019

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Hypertension - The silent killer that looms

In May 2017, India launched its largest-ever screening program involving a population of around 25 lakh people. The large scale exercise was undertaken to evaluate and formulate the current statistics of hypertension in India.

According to the proposed data, current estimates say that about 40% of urban Indians over the age of 30 are hypertensive and for the rural population the figures are around 25% [1]. A prime reason for the drastic rise in the occurrences of the disease, especially amongst younger Indians is the drastic lifestyle change in the neo-middle class population of India.

What Is Hypertension?

Commonly referred to as high blood pressure, hypertension is a condition in which the long-term force of blood against the arterial wall is too high. The intensity of the force is so much that it can eventually lead to severe heart issues. 

Blood pressure is determined by two factors – the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood pumped by the heart and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure [5]. 

Hypertension can be easily managed with simple lifestyle changes and medication once detected. 

Hypertension

Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is a condition commonly referred to as the silent killer as it is unable to define the initial disease with exact signs and symptoms. In severe conditions, the disease may show an array of features in different individuals like headaches, sleepiness, dizziness, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, etc. However, the symptoms are subjective with the single individual showing multiple features or in certain conditions the disease may be discovered on a routine examination [3].

Early-onset of hypertension in the urban population includes lifestyle factors like increased obesity index along with a sedentary lethargic lifestyle with a lack of any physical exercise acting as major contributors. Also, consumption of a high salt-diet, chronic alcoholism, smoking, and chronic stress have emerged as other major modifiable factors.4

Secondary hypertension is a condition in which the high blood pressure is the result of another underlying condition or illness, like kidney diseases, thyroid, pituitary or adrenal glands disorders, pregnancy, sleep disorders, or as an adverse effect of certain medicines prescribed for other diseases. However, the treatment of secondary hypertension depends on the identification and treatment of the underlying factor.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

When high blood pressure is caused by an underlying condition, it is called secondary hypertension. Causes of secondary hypertension include: 

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain inborn defects in blood vessels
  • Certain medications (birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, etc)
  • Illegal drugs like cocaine and amphetamines

WHAT SHOULD I DO TO PREVENT OR MANAGE HYPERTENSION?

Primary hypertension is a highly modifiable condition that can be managed with alteration in lifestyle including food habits, regular physical exercise and obesity, and weight reduction measures.

Setu’s Pressure Pal is an all-natural, potent combination of CoQ10, Grapeseed Oil, and Fruit-sourced Anthocyanins that is tailor-made to help urban Indians manage and beat hypertension. To learn more about pressure pal, visit https://setu.in/products/pressure-pal

Hypertension

Setu’s Pressure Pal is an all-natural, potent combination of CoQ10, Grapeseed Oil, and Fruit-sourced Anthocyanins that is tailor-made to help urban Indians manage and beat hypertension. To learn more about pressure pal, visit https://setu.in/products/pressure-pal

REFERENCES

INDIA TO SCREEN 25 LAKH PEOPLE FOR HYPERTENSION THROUGH MAY. MAY 1. 2017. ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HYPERTENSION. RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION IN INDIA AND CHINA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY FUJUN WANG, V. K. TIWARI, AND HAO WANG. HEALTH AND POPULATION – PERSPECTIVES AND ISSUES 37 (1 & 2), 40-49, 201HYPERTENSION IN INDIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF PREVALENCE, AWARENESS, AND CONTROL OF HYPERTENSION

1: India to screen 25 lakh, people, for hypertension through May. May 1. 2017.

2: All you need to know about hypertension.

3: RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION IN INDIA AND CHINA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY FuJun Wang, V. K. Tiwari, and Hao Wang. Health and Population – Perspectives and Issues 37 (1 & 2), 40-49, 201

4: Hypertension in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension

5. mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373410

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